Phelps County, Missouri Genealogy
Phelps County, Missouri genealogy and family history research page. Discover links to record collections, history, and genealogy information to help you you locate your personal Phelps Co., ancestors. Start now by putting together a Free Family Tree.
Phelps County was created on November 13, 1857 from Crawford County. The county was named in honor of John S. Phelps (1814–1886), a politician, soldier during the American Civil War, and twenty-third Governor of Missouri.
The Phelps County Seat is situated in Rolla and in addition the county government website is www.phelpscounty.org
Areas surrounding Phelps County include Maries County (northwest), Gasconade County (northeast), Crawford County (east), Dent County (southeast), Texas County (south), Pulaski County (west).
Cities and towns to be found in Phelps County include Beulah, Doolittle, Duke, Edgar Springs, Flat, Jerome, Newburg, Northwye, Rolla, Rosati, Seaton, St. James.
Phelps County has Federal Census Schedules to help in researching your family tree. Government Population Schedules are present for 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940. Phelps Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1860. Phelps Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Phelps Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Phelps Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research
Phelps County Genealogical & Historical Societies and Family History Resources
A list of Phelps County Historical and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives. See Also Missouri Archives, Genealogical and Historical Societies for statewide Addresses and links.
- Missouri State Genealogy Network (facebook.com)
- Phelps County Historical Society, P.O. Box 1535, 302 Third Str, Rolla, MO 65402-1535; Ph: (573) 341-4874
- Phelps County Genealogical Society, P.O. Box 571, Rolla, MO 65402
- Mid-Missouri Genealogical Society, P.O. Box 715, Jefferson City, MO 65102
- Ozarks Genealogical Society, P.O. Box 3945, 534 West Catalpa, Springfield, MO 65808; Phone: (417) 831-2773
- Phelps County, Missouri Message Boards (boards.ancestry.com) read and post messages about your ancestors in Phelps County
- Phelps County, Missouri Genealogy Forum (genforum.genealogy.com) read and post messages with other genealogy researchers for Phelps County
- USGenWeb Archives for Phelps County
Phelps County Courthouse and Government Records
Researchers frequently forget about the value of Phelps County court, probate, and land files as a source of family history and genealogy information. Buried away in Missouri courthouses and archives just about everywhere could be the ambitions and worries of many Missouri residents.
The odds are great that your potential ancestors have left a comprehensive record of at least a number of aspects of their lives in the Phelps County court records. Even if your forefathers is not brought up in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other procedures which often can have lead to her or him showing up in court records.
You need to call the clerk's dept to validate hours, mailing address, fees and other facts before visiting or looking for information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The data files are accessible to interested parties, barring private issues. A lot of staff will guide men and women in locating the resources, but it's up to the particular person to complete the research.
The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Phelps county. The dates indicated below are the first known records for this county which may include records of land, estates, taxes, vital records, divorces, naturalizations, court records, and so forth.
- Phelps County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
- Address: 200 North Main Street, Rolla, MO 65401
- Phelps County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
- Phone: 573-458-6095
- Marriage Records: 1857 (including Index to marriage records, (no dates); Marriage records, 1857-1920)
- Land Records: 1857 (including Index to deeds, 1857-1887; Deed records, 1857-1927; Patent records, 1908-1926)
- Phelps County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
- Phone: 573-458-6200
- Probate Records: 1858 (including Index to probate records, 1858-1926; Probate records, 1858-1882; Probate minute book, 1867-1887; Administrator’s/executor’s letters, bonds and records, 1863-1892; Inventories, appraisements and sale bills, -1867-1887; Settlement records, 1874-1916; Will records, 1892-1924)
- Court & Divorce Records: 1857 (including Index to circuit court records, 1857-1880; Circuit court records, 1857-1891)
- Phelps County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
- Phone: 573-458-6115
- Birth & Death Records: 1883–90 (including Permanent record of births, 1883-1890; Register of births and stillbirths, 1883-1890; Permanent record of deaths, 1883-1890; Register of deaths, 1883-1890; Tax book, 1885-1886)
- Phelps County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
- Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process. Birth, marriage, and death records are connected with central life events. They are prime sources for genealogical information.
Phelps County Genealogy Links
The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources associated to Phelps County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to present your own most liked Phelps County genealogy or family history related sites.
Phelps Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
Phelps Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications
Phelps Co. MO Birth, Marriage & Death Records
Phelps Co. MO Court, Probate Land and Tax Records
Phelps Co. MO Census Records
Phelps Co. MO Cemeteries & Graveyards
Phelps Co. MO Church & Bible Records
Phelps Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories
Phelps Co. MO General and History Websites
Phelps Co. MO Military Records
Phelps Co. MO Schools & Directories